Auditory training


  • Sune Thorning Kristensen University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Carsten Daugaard DELTA, Teknisk-Audiologisk Laboratorium, Odense, Denmark


The mapping of a sound pattern to a linguistic context is the base of acoustical communication. This process is taking place whenever language skills are acquired. However, sound cues might be changed or lost in amplification, thereby changing the sound pattern. Adaptation is required to reconnect sound with context. Focused training on this connection will speed up and improve the process. The necessity of this training is evident where hearing is restored from deafness, but a training effect is also expected in rehabilitation of gradually emerging hearing loss. Programs training speech recognition and cognitive skills exist for English speakers. They are used with some success, however the criteria for who will benefit from training are unclear.  From sensory perception evaluation, training the attention to sound details and developing a language about sound attributes is well known, but the use of non-speech stimuli in auditory training has not yet been given much attention. Looking at the hearing-aid fitting process, an improved fitting could be expected if sound description ability is improved within the framework of specialized training. Music as a part of an auditory training program may increase sound property awareness to the benefit of cognitive skills also related to speech perception. Adding music improves the fun and thus the motivation of the training sessions.


Blamey, P.J., and Alcántara, J.I. (1994). “Research in auditory training,” J. Acad. Reh. Suppl., 27, 161-191.

Brixen, E.B. (1993). “Spectral ear training,” Audio Engineering Society’s 94th Convention, Berlin, 1-18.

Daugaard, C., Jørgensen, S.L., and Elmelund, L. (2011). “Benefits of common vocabulary in hearing aid fitting,” in Speech Perception and Auditory Disorders. Edited by T. Dau, M.L. Jepsen, T. Poulsen, and J.C. Dalsgaard (Danavox Jubilee Fndn., Ballerup), pp. 432-440.

Holst, F. (2009). Musik, Sprog og Integration – Evalueringsrapport 08-09. From – (

Letowski, T. (1985). “Development of technical listening skills: Timbre solfeggio,” J. Audio Eng. Soc., 33, 240-244.

Musiek, F.E. (2002). “Auditory plasticity: What is it, and why do clinicians need to know?” Hearing Journal, 55, 70-71.

Nielsen, J.B., Neher, T., and Dau, T. (2011). “Towards a Danish speech material for speech-on-speech masking investigation,” in Speech Perception and Auditory Disorders. Edited by T. Dau, M.L. Jepsen, T. Poulsen, and J.C. Dalsgaard (Danavox Jubilee Fndn., Ballerup), pp. 175-181.

Pedersen, T.H. (2008). The Semantic Space of Sounds. DELTA.

Pedersen, T.H., and Zacharov, N. (2008). “How many psycho-acoustic attributes are needed?” Paper præsenteret i forbindelse med "Acoustics '08, Paris". DELTA Acoustics & Senselab, Hørsholm, Denmark.

Petersen, B., Mortensen, M.V., Hansen, M., and Vuust, P. (2012). “Singing in the key of life: A study on effects of musical ear training after cochlear implantation,” Psychomusicology: Music, Mind and Brain, 22, 134-151.

Purdy, S.C., and Jerram, J.C. (1998). “Investigation of the profile of hearing aid performance in experienced hearing aid users,” Ear Hearing, 19, 473-480.

Salimpoor V.N, and Zatorre R.J. (2013). “Neural interactions that give rise to musical pleasure,” Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7, 62-75.

Sweetow, R.W., and Sabes, J.H. (2004). “The case for LACE: Listening and Auditory Communication Enhancement training,” Hearing Journal, 57, 32-40.

Sweetow, R.W., and Sabes, J.H. (2006). “The need for and development of an adaptive listening and communication enhancement (LACETM) program,” J. Am. Acad. Audiol., 17, 538-558.

Williamson, V.J., Baddeley, A.D., and Hitch, G.J. (2010). “Musicians and nonmusicians short term memory for verbal and musical sequences: Comparing phonological similarity and pitch proximity,” Mem. Cognition, 38, 163-175.




How to Cite

Kristensen, S. T., & Daugaard, C. (2013). Auditory training. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Auditory and Audiological Research, 4, 233–240. Retrieved from



2013/4. Hearing rehabilitation with hearing aids and cochlear implants