Effects of cochlear compression and frequency selectivity on pitch discrimination of complex tones with unresolved harmonics
Physiological studies have shown that noise-induced sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) enhances the amplitude of envelope coding in auditory-nerve fibers. As pitch coding of unresolved complex tones is assumed to rely on temporal envelope coding mechanisms, this study investigated pitch-discrimination performance in listeners with SNHL. Pitch-discrimination thresholds were obtained in 14 normal-hearing (NH) and 10 hearing-impaired (HI) listeners for sine-phase (SP) and random-phase (RP) unresolved complex tones. The HI listeners performed, on average, similarly as the NH listeners in the SP condition and worse than NH listeners in the RP condition. Cochlear compression and auditory filter bandwidths were estimated in the same listeners. A significant correlation was found between the reduction of cochlear compression and the difference between RP and SP pitch-discrimination thresholds. The effects of degraded frequency selectivity and loss of compression were considered in a model as potential factors in envelope enhancement. The model revealed that a broadening of the auditory filters led to an increase of the modulation depth in the SP condition, while it did not have any effect for the RP condition. Overall, these findings suggest that both reduced cochlear compression and auditory filter broadening alter the envelope representation of unresolved complex tones, leading to changes in pitch-discrimination performance.
Arehart, K.H. (1994). “Effects of harmonic content on complex-tone fundamental-frequency discrimination in hearing-impaired listeners,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 95, 3574-3585.
Bernstein, J.G. and Oxenham, A.J. (2006). “The relationship between frequency selectivity and pitch discrimination: Effects of stimulus level,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 120, 3916-3928.
Fereczkowski, M. (2015). Time-Efficient Behavioural Estimates of Cochlear Compression. Doctoral thesis, Technical University of Denmark.
Glasberg, B. R. and Moore, B.C.J. (1990). “Derivation of auditory filter shapes from notched-noise data,” Hear. Res., 47, 103-138.
Henry, K.S., Kale, S., and Heinz, M.G. (2014). “Noise-induced hearing loss increases the temporal precision of complex envelope coding by auditory-nerve fibers,” Front. Sys. Neurosci., 8, 1-10.
Hoekstra, A. and Ritsma, R.J. (1977). “Perceptive hearing loss and frequency selectivity,” in Psychophysics and Physiology of Hearing. Eds. Evans, E.F., Wilson, J.P. (London: Academic), pp. 263-271.
Hopkins, K. and Moore, B.C.J. (2007). “Moderate cochlear hearing loss leads to a reduced ability to use temporal fine structure information,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 122, 1055-1068.
Jepsen, M.L. and Dau, T. (2011). “Characterizing auditory processing and percep-tion in individual listeners with sensorineural hearing loss,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 129, 262-281.
Kale, S. and Heinz, M.G. (2010). “Envelope coding in auditory nerve fibers fol- lowing noise-induced hearing loss,” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol., 11, 657-673.
Kaernbach, C. (1991). “Simple adaptive testing with the weighted up-down method,” Percept. Psychophys., 49, 227-229.
Moore, B.C.J., Huss, M., Vickers, D.A., Glasberg, B.R., and Alcantara, J.I. (2000). “A test for the diagnosis of dead regions in the cochlea,” Br. J. Audiol., 34, 205-224.
Moore, B.C.J., Glasberg, B.R., and Hopkins, K. (2006). “Frequency discrimination of complex tones by hearing-impaired subjects: Evidence for loss of ability to use temporal fine structure information,” Hear. Res., 222, 16-27.
Nelson, D.A., Schroder, A.C., and Wojtczak, M. (2001). “A new procedure for measuring peripheral compression in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 110, 2045-2064.
Ruggero, M.A. (1992). “Responses to sound of the basilar membrane of the mammalian cochlea,” Curr. Opin. Neurobiol., 2, 449-456.
Strelcyk, O. and Dau, T. (2009). “Relations between frequency selectivity, temporal fine-structure processing, and speech reception in impaired hearing,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 125, 3328-3345.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a. Authors retain copyright* and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
*From the 2017 issue onward. The Danavox Jubilee Foundation owns the copyright of all articles published in the 1969-2015 issues. However, authors are still allowed to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.